Category Archives: html5

HTML5 Tag Elements List

HTML5 is the latest evolution of the standard that defines HTML. The term represents two different concepts:

  •     It is a new version of the language HTML, with new elements, attributes, and behaviors,
  •     A larger set of technologies that allows more diverse and powerful Web sites and applications. This set is sometimes called HTML5 & friends and often shortened to just HTML5.

Valid HTML5 Elements List

* indicates that the element was added in HTML5.

Root element

<html> : Represents the root of an HTML or XHTML document. All other elements must be descendants of this element.

Document Metadata

<head> :    Represents a collection of metadata about the document, including links to, or definitions of, scripts and style sheets.
<title> :    Defines the title of the document, shown in a browser’s title bar or on the page’s tab. It can only contain text and any contained tags are not interpreted.
<base> :    Defines the base URL for relative URLs in the page.
<link> :    Used to link JavaScript and external CSS with the current HTML document.
<meta> :    Defines metadata that can’t be defined using another HTML element.
<style> :     Used to write inline CSS.

Scripting

<script>     : Defines either an internal script or a link to an external script. The script language is JavaScript.
<noscript>     : Defines alternative content to display when the browser doesn’t support scripting.
<template>* : Container for client-side content instantiated during runtime using JavaScript.

Sections

<body>     : Represents the content of an HTML document. There is only one <body> element in a document.
<section>*     : Defines a section in a document.
<nav>*     : Defines a section that contains only navigation links.
<article>*     : Defines self-contained content that could exist independently of the rest of the content.
<aside>*     : Defines some content loosely related to the page content. If it is removed, the remaining content still makes sense.
<h1>,<h2>,<h3>,<h4>,<h5>,<h6> : Heading elements implement six levels of document headings; <h1> is the most important and <h6> is the least. A heading element briefly describes the topic of the section it introduces.
<header>*     : Defines the header of a page or section. It often contains a logo, the title of the Web site, and a navigational table of content.
<footer>*     : Defines the footer for a page or section. It often contains a copyright notice, some links to legal information, or addresses to give feedback.
<address>     : Defines a section containing contact information.
<main>*     : Defines the main or important content in the document. There is only one <main> element in the document.

Grouping content

<p> : Defines a portion that should be displayed as a paragraph.
<hr> : Represents a thematic break between paragraphs of a section or article or any longer content.
<pre> : Indicates that its content is preformatted and that this format must be preserved.
<blockquote> : Represents a content that is quoted from another source.
<ol> : Defines an ordered list of items.
<ul> : Defines an unordered list of items.
<li> : Defines a item of an enumeration list.
<dl> : Defines a definition list, that is, a list of terms and their associated definitions.
<dt> : Represents a term defined by the next <dd>.
<dd> : Represents the definition of the terms immediately listed before it.
<figure>* : Represents a figure illustrated as part of the document.
<figcaption>* : Represents the legend of a figure.
<div> : Represents a generic container with no special meaning.

Text-level semantics

<a> : Represents a hyperlink , linking to another resource.
<em> : Represents emphasized text, like a stress accent.
<strong> : Represents especially important text.
<small> : Represents a side comment , that is, text like a disclaimer or a copyright, which is not essential to the comprehension of the document.
<s> : Represents content that is no longer accurate or relevant .
<cite> : Represents the title of a work .
<q> : Represents an inline quotation .
<dfn> : Represents a term whose definition is contained in its nearest ancestor content.
<abbr> : Represents an abbreviation or an acronym ; the expansion of the abbreviation can be represented in the title attribute.
<data>* : Associates to its content a machine-readable equivalent . (This element is only in the WHATWG version of the HTML standard, and not in the W3C version of HTML5).
<time>* : Represents a date and time value; the machine-readable equivalent can be represented in the datetime attribute.
<code> : Represents computer code .
<var> : Represents a variable, that is, an actual mathematical expression or programming context, an identifier representing a constant, a symbol identifying a physical quantity, a function parameter, or a mere placeholder in prose.
<samp> : Represents the output of a program or a computer.
<kbd> : Represents user input , often from the keyboard, but not necessarily; it may represent other input, like transcribed voice commands.
<sub>,<sup> : Represent a subscript , or a superscript.
<i> : Represents some text in an alternate voice or mood, or at least of different quality, such as a taxonomic designation, a technical term, an idiomatic phrase, a thought, or a ship name.
<b> : Represents a text which to which attention is drawn for utilitarian purposes . It doesn’t convey extra importance and doesn’t imply an alternate voice.
<u> : Represents a non-textual annoatation for which the conventional presentation is underlining, such labeling the text as being misspelt or labeling a proper name in Chinese text.
<mark>* : Represents text highlighted for reference purposes, that is for its relevance in another context.
<ruby>* : Represents content to be marked with ruby annotations , short runs of text presented alongside the text. This is often used in conjunction with East Asian language where the annotations act as a guide for pronunciation, like the Japanese furigana .
<rt>* : Represents the text of a ruby annotation .
<rp>* : Represents parenthesis around a ruby annotation, used to display the annotation in an alternate way by browsers not supporting the standard display for annotations.
<bdi>* : Represents text that must be isolated from its surrounding for bidirectional text formatting. It allows embedding a span of text with a different, or unknown, directionality.
<bdo> : Represents the directionality of its children, in order to explicitly override the Unicode bidirectional algorithm.
<span> : Represents text with no specific meaning. This has to be used when no other text-semantic element conveys an adequate meaning, which, in this case, is often brought by global attributes like class, lang, or dir.
<br> : Represents a line break .
<wbr>* : Represents a line break opportunity , that is a suggested point for wrapping text in order to improve readability of text split on several lines.

Edits

<ins>  :   Defines an addition to the document.
<del>  :   Defines a removal from the document.

Embedded content

<img> : Represents an image .
<iframe> : Represents a nested browsing context , that is an embedded HTML document.
<embed>* : Represents a integration point for an external, often non-HTML, application or interactive content.
<object> : Represents an external resource , which is treated as an image, an HTML sub-document, or an external resource to be processed by a plug-in.
<param> : Defines parameters for use by plug-ins invoked by <object> elements.
<video>* : Represents a video , and its associated audio files and captions, with the necessary interface to play it.
<audio>* : Represents a sound , or an audio stream .
<source>* : Allows authors to specify alternative media resources for media elements like <video> or <audio>.
<track>* : Allows authors to specify timed text track for media elements like <video> or <audio>.
<canvas>* : Represents a bitmap area that scripts can be used to render graphics, like graphs, game graphics, or any visual images on the fly.
<map> : In conjunction with <area>, defines an image map .
<area> : In conjunction with <map>, defines an image map .
<svg>* : Defines an embedded vectorial image .
<math>* : Defines a mathematical formula .

Tabular data

<table> : Represents data with more than one dimension .
<caption> : Represents the title of a table .
<colgroup> : Represents a set of one or more columns of a table.
<col> : Represents a column of a table.
<tbody> : Represents the block of rows that describes the concrete data of a table.
<thead> : Represents the block of rows that describes the column labels of a table.
<tfoot> : Represents the block of rows that describes the column summaries of a table.
<tr> : Represents a row of cells in a table.
<td> : Represents a data cell in a table.
<th> : Represents a header cell in a table.

Forms

<form> : Represents a form , consisting of controls, that can be submitted to a server for processing.
<fieldset> : Represents a set of controls .
<legend> : Represents the caption for a <fieldset>.
<label> : Represents the caption of a form control.
<input> : Represents a typed data field allowing the user to edit the data.
<button> : Represents a button .
<select> : Represents a control allowing selection among a set of options .
<datalist>* : Represents a set of predefined options for other controls.
<optgroup> : Represents a set of options , logically grouped.
<option> : Represents an option in a <select> element, or a suggestion of a <datalist> element.
<textarea> : Represents a multiline text edit control .
<keygen>* : Represents a key-pair generator control .
<output>* : Represents the result of a calculation .
<progress>* : Represents the completion progress of a task.
<meter>* : Represents a scalar measurement (or a fractional value), within a known range.

Interactive elements

<details>* : Represents a widget from which the user can obtain additional information or controls.
<summary>* : Represents a summary , caption , or legend for a given <details>.
<menuitem>* : Represents a command that the user can invoke.
<menu>* : Represents a list of commands .

* indicates that the element was added in HTML5.

Useful HTML5 related Links:

 

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HTML, HTML5 : What does DOCTYPE mean?

A document type declaration, or DOCTYPE, is an instruction that associates a particular SGML or XML document (for example, a webpage) with a document type definition (DTD) (for example, the formal definition of a particular version of HTML). In the serialized form of the document, it manifests as a short string of markup that conforms to a particular syntax.

The HTML layout engines in modern web browsers perform DOCTYPE “sniffing” or “switching”, wherein the DOCTYPE in a document served as text/html determines a layout mode, such as “quirks mode” or “standards mode”. The text/html serialization of HTML5, which is not SGML-based, uses the DOCTYPE only for mode selection. Since web browsers are implemented with special-purpose HTML parsers, rather than general-purpose DTD-based parsers, they don’t use DTDs and will never access them even if a URL is provided. The DOCTYPE is retained in HTML5 as a “mostly useless, but required” header only to trigger “standards mode” in common browsers.

Why do I want to use it?

The term DOCTYPE tells the browser which type of HTML is used on a webpage. In turn, the browsers use DOCTYPE to determine how to render a page. Failing to use DOCTYPE or using a wrong DOCTYPE may load your page in Quirks Mode. See example:

 Declaring that the document contains HTML5 Markup

The doctype for HTML5 is very simple. To indicate that your HTML content uses HTML5, simply use:

Doing so will cause even browsers that don’t presently support HTML5 to enter into standards mode, which means that they’ll interpret the long-established parts of HTML in an HTML5-compliant way while ignoring the new features of HTML5 they don’t support.

This is much simpler than the former doctypes, and shorter, making it easier to remember and reducing the amount of bytes that must be downloaded.

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